The Role of Green Speed in Determining the Length of Your Putting Stroke

Published/Updated on:
Written by:
The Role of Green Speed in Determining the Length of Your Putting Stroke

Understanding green speeds and adjusting the length of your putting stroke accordingly takes a lot of concentration and practice. Just like with any skill, repetition is crucial to achieving mastery.

Throughout your golfing career, you will encounter varying green speeds, especially if you travel to play at different courses. For instance, Augusta National Golf Club and Oakmont Country Club have much faster greens than any local municipal golf course. You can see some of the smallest and shortest putting strokes in competition by watching the U.S. Open at OCC or the Masters Championship.

Watching the best players in the world putt at these venues’ greens is quite a sight. Players barely move their putter heads to create a putting stroke, yet the ball can travel up to 20 feet. To improve your understanding of how green speed affects the length of your putting stroke, you need to practice specific speed control techniques. It is imperative to build a practice plan that focuses on learning green speeds to become a better putter.

We teach you how to develop a practice plan that helps you understand the relationship between the length of your putting stroke and distance control.

Does Putting Really Impact Your Score?

Your putting stroke may be the smallest stroke you make in a round, but, statistically, it has the greatest impact on your scorecard. Putting accounts for roughly half of your strokes in a round of golf, compared to only 14 shots taken with your driver. Yet, despite knowing the impact that putting can have on your overall score, many golfers neglect to practice this vital aspect of the game at the same rate they feel its impact. Why? Simply put, it's not as enjoyable to spend hours on the putting green learning green speed as it is to hit drivers as far as possible on the practice tee.

There’s no doubt that developing touch on the greens and having good speed control takes a considerable amount of time and effort. It's not helpful to guess how far to pull back your putter when standing 30 feet away from the hole. Imagine playing a round of golf without knowing the distances you hit with each of your other clubs. None of us would want to do that, nor would we be consistently successful at the guessing game. But this is exactly how many golfers approach their putting. They get frustrated when they lack good distance control and cannot adjust to the speed of the greens throughout a round. The truth is, if you don't practice, it's difficult to rely on any part of your game to be consistent or successful.

Check Out the PrimePutt Indoor Putting Mat to Bring Your Short Game to the Next Level

How to Master Green Speed and Distance Control

If you want to improve your putting and lower your score, you need to commit to practicing it. The best way to get better at putting is to make a practice plan that includes different speed drills. Consistent practice is crucial if you want to be able to putt a ball with a reasonable margin of error from the distance you originally intended.

Add the following drills to your daily putting practice to get used to different green speeds and distance control.

Distance Control Practice Drill

There are a lot of putting drills on the internet now, and the Golf Channel is always advertising the newest and best way to improve your game. But how can you figure out what will really help you get better at distance control and figuring out the right length for your putting stroke?

First, stick to tips and training aids that don't sound gimmicky or too good to be true. If a drill claims to improve your putting with minimal effort or promises to be the only training aid you'll ever need, it's best to avoid it.

Improving at golf, like anything else, takes hard work and practice. While there are training aids available that can be helpful, golf is a game that nobody can perfect. You'll be working to get better at it for your entire life. As you age, your body changes, affecting your strength, flexibility, swing speed, and endurance. As a result, you'll work on various aspects of your golf game throughout your hopefully long golf career.

One thing that will never change, however, is the need to practice putting in order to improve your distance control. Here's a drill you can incorporate into your practice sessions to help you adjust your putting stroke to different green speeds.

Speed Drill

This drill is an excellent way to learn how to adjust the length of your putting stroke based on the speed of the greens.

The Setup

You will need six tees and five golf balls. Set up the six tees in a straight line, 10 feet apart from each other, totaling 50 feet in length. Only putt from the end tees of the line. After putting all five balls from one end tee, move to the opposite end tee and repeat the drill, never putting from the inner tees.

Performing the Drill: 

  1. From one of the end tees, hit one ball to each of the other tees on the line. Go through your entire putting routine as if you were playing a round of golf. 
  2. From the same end tee, hit your first ball to the 10-foot tee. Your goal is to stop the ball 12–18 inches behind the tee. 
  3. Without moving, hit your second ball to the 20-foot tee, aiming for the same 12–18-inch stopping range behind the tee. 
  4. Repeat this for the 30-foot tee.
  5. For the 40- and 50-foot tees, your goal is to be within 24 inches of the tee, which mimics a lag putt you might encounter on the course. The goal is to maintain your stroke length while adapting it to the speed of the greens.
  6. You should go through this drill for at least 20 to 30 minutes. Once you have hit all five of your golf balls, you will then collect them and switch to beginning the drill at the tee on the opposite end before repeating.

By doing this drill often, you will learn how to change the length of your putting stroke depending on how fast the green is moving. This will help you get a better handle on distance and, in the end, lower your score.

Most practice putting greens are not flat, which is ideal for this drill. You should switch from one end to the next to practice uphill, downhill, left-to-right, and right-to-left breaking putts. Ideally, the drill setup should not have too much undulation, but some is always welcome. If the putting green has too much undulation to properly set up the drill to the full 50 feet in length, shortening it is not against the law! In the same way, if the practice putting green isn't big enough to accommodate a 50-foot putt, make some changes.

This drill teaches you how far to take the putter back for different-length putts. It's set up to 50 feet because most golfers don't practice putts over 20 feet before playing, let alone during a practice session. As a result, they struggle with lag putting beyond 25 feet. If you don't work on a skill over and over, especially in golf, you won't be able to do it well or consistently.

The speed drill has a progression where you hit five putts in ascending order from both ends and then in descending order from both ends. However, you never complete an ascending and descending run on the same side.

After finishing five putts, switch to the opposite end. Once you can do the drill in both ascending and descending order from both ends, pick tees at random to test your ability to judge distance.

Eventually, your body will know exactly how far to bring the putter back for a 40-foot putt compared to a 35-foot or 45-foot putt. The drill's beauty is in practicing in 10-foot increments. By consistently doing this drill, your body will learn how much to add or back off to hit putts of different distances outside the 10-foot increments.

To use this technique on the course, you'll need a baseline for your stroke length and green speed. The practice facility or home course where you spend most of your time practicing the drill will be your baseline for green speed.

When playing on new courses, spend 5–10 minutes doing this drill to adapt to the new green speed. You'll quickly notice if you're leaving putts short or blasting them past the hole. This will indicate whether you need to adjust your stroke length one way or the other. If you already know how to control distance, it will be much easier to adjust to different green speeds by making a shorter or longer putting stroke depending on how fast the greens are.

How PrimePutt Can Help

To get better, you must always be willing to practice, both on and off the golf course, and do so in a planned way. If you really want to cut strokes from your round that aren't necessary, you need to practice outside of your 18-hole rounds.

A good first step to building a consistent practice routine is investing in a high-quality at-home putting setup. With the PrimePutt indoor putting mat, you can practice putting anywhere and get real-time feedback to help you get better at distance control. You can build muscle memory and feel with PrimePutt, which leads to consistent practice and better results. 

Check Out the PrimePutt Indoor Putting Mat to Bring Your Short Game to the Next Level


Can you have on-call distance control on the putting greens?

Yes! However, it takes a lot of practice to be able to have on-call distance control when putting. Making sure you practice longer distances is the key. Outside of 30 feet is where most golfers' speed control starts to falter, so practicing your longer putts is key.

Does green speed affect the length of your putting stroke?

Yes, it very much does. Depending on how fast the greens are, your putting stroke will be much smaller than normal, and vice versa, with slower greens, it will be much longer.

Level Sports
Back to blog

Blog post

Give your customers a summary of your blog post